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Von Greyerz: How Will It All End?

Von Greyerz: How Will It All End?

Authored by Egon von Greyerz via,

Akhlys, the Greek goddess of Misery and Poison, is exerting a major influence on the world currently. And sadly the dosage of misery and poison will increase in coming months and years.

What is now crystal clear is that this excess dose of fake assets and fake liabilities will totally poison the financial system and the world economy.

As Paracelsus, the renowned 16th century Swiss physician said; “all things are poison, it is the dosage that makes it either a poison or a remedy.”

When a world already in trouble was hit by a severe financial crisis in September 2019, the dose of debt was already excessive. But as the Fed and the ECB opened the money spigots fully, they filled the world with poisoned or fake money. The BY team (Biden & Yellen) will now be certain to finish this process with their profligate spending plans.


The financial system has been poisoned for decades by governments’ excess spending and central banks’ prodigal printing of toxic and worthless money.

And now, with Covid, they have the perfect excuse to senselessly create trillions of dollars, euros, yuan or yen. The world doesn’t realise that this money, fabricated by pressing a button, is no different from the Monopoly board game money.

Just look at the balance sheet of the four major central banks – the Fed, ECB, Bank of Japan and the People’s Bank of China.

As the graph above shows, these central banks’ balance sheets have exploded almost 6x since 2006. In 2008-9, their total balance sheet were $9 trillion and now they are $29t.


Business assets are defined as items of value. So how are these “assets of value” created in the financial system?

Firstly the central bank creates toxic money out of thin air. By definition, money that has been fabricated without real labour or production of goods or services must have ZERO value.

Secondly, the central bank purchases “poisoned” assets in the form of debt that cannot and will not ever be repaid. These debts are issued by bankrupt governments and other insolvent debtors who can only repay their debts by issuing more debt.

So this whole corrupt and circular system should be defined as “Poison in – Poison out”.

The poison in is the fabricated fake money which has ZERO value. The poison out are the assets/debts bought with fake money which will all expire worthless.

And it is on this construction of toxic assets and liabilities that the whole financial system rests.

It is totally absurd to swallow that such a system can survive.



We were told that the crisis was over in 2009 and still the balance sheets of these central banks are up more than 3x. Hmmm……

The reason is simple, the Great Financial Crisis in 2006-9 was never solved, the can was just kicked down the road. But this time the can is too big.


And now 12 years later the whole world is drowning in $280 trillion debt – up 3x this century.

The illustration above shows global debt reaching $360 trillion by 2030.

This assumes a simple extrapolation of current trends. In my view, there is a major risk of a hyperinflationary debt explosion in the next 4-9 years to $2 quadrillion or more. Probably it will take a lot less than 9 years.


So how is this massive increase of debt to $2 quadrillion possible? There are at least $1.5 quadrillion of derivatives outstanding today. Derivatives are an incredible gravy train for banks in rising and liquid markets.

But with crashing stock markets and massive pressures in debt markets, there will be little liquidity in derivatives. This will likely lead to central banks printing enough money to buy most of the derivatives of ailing banks. This is what would create $2 quadrillion or more in global debt.


So what is happening to all this debt based money created. Well almost none of it reaches the real economy but instead it stays with the banks and is used by private and institutional investors to buy assets like stocks, bonds and property.

So while there is very little that reaches the ordinary man, the wealthy can take advantage of this massive liquidity to further expand the already epic bubble in asset markets.

The graphs below, showing total US M1 money supply and its velocity, illustrate this perfectly.

As Money Supply surges 5x from $1.3t in 2005 to $6.8t in 2021, the Velocity of Money crashes from 10 to 3. This means that the money printed does not reach the real economy but instead is just used to inflate asset prices.

Since all this money is created out of thin air and is just toxic or worthless, it would have little effect in simulating the real economy.

But investors are under the illusion that this toxic liquidity is actually creating wealth!

No wonder they are under that illusion since global equities have increased in value by $24 trillion since March 2020. That is a staggering 30% of global GDP.

Why should anyone work when by printing money and investing, the world can create 30% of GDP in just 10 months by buying stocks?

Sadly, investors neither see nor worry about that stocks are going up just because they are going up rather than due to rising profits or improving fundamentals.


What they don’t realise it that a global crash is right ahead – a crash that will destroy 90-95% of their illusory wealth.

Since the latest phase of the stock market rise started in the early 1980s, investors have forgotten to take profits. Even though there have been some nasty corrections, investors have been saved by central banks every time. Therefore why should they take profit?

“The market always goes up! So it is always right to be in the market.”

They have forgotten that in 1929-32, the Dow fell by 90% and that it took 25 years to recover. And this time the bubbles of debt and assets are far greater.

So now we have toxic valuations created by toxic money.


The rich are also getting substantially richer which is what creates revolutions. Just take the average chief executive of an S&P 500 company.

He now earns 357x as much as the average worker. Back in the 1960s he earned 20x! And in the mid 1980s it was still only 28x.

The graph below illustrates this phenomenon very clearly.

At the beginning of the 1900s, the top 10% received between 40% and 50% of total income. Then came the Wall Street crash and the 1930s depression, followed by WWII.

The consequences were that between 1940 and 1985, the top 10% went from as high as 50% of total income down to just over 30%.


But then things improved for the top earners again in the mid 1980s. First stock markets started booming. Then, once Greenspan became chairman of the Fed, that was like manna from heaven for investors.

The programme of producing manna money has just got better with every new Fed chief. Tens of trillions of dollars of debt has been created to boost the stock market. But once the 2000s got going, manufacturing money wasn’t sufficient. No, the money had to be free also or even better, you got paid for borrowing money. Well at least banks and central banks do.


Debt bubbles can only end in one way. With imploding debt and crashing asset markets.

But before that there will be a final overdose of poison in the form of massive money printing. This in a last and desperate attempt to solve a debt problem with more debt.

Sadly central bankers never studied Paracelsus theorem that all things are poison if the dose is too high.

They will soon find out……..

As the last overdose of debt hits the world, most currencies will finish their journey to ZERO, leading to hyperinflation.


Many economists and commentators are certain that the world will not see inflation or higher interest rates for years. They can’t see a demand led inflation.

Let’s go back to history again. History helps us to predict the future but very few so called experts understand the significance of history.

Virtually every major debt bubble in history has ended in a currency collapse and hyperinflation. Few understand that hyperinflation is a currency driven event and not demand driven.

With most currencies down 97-99% since Nixon’s fatal decision in 1971 to close the gold window, the world will soon experience the final move to ZERO.

But remember that this move involves a 100% fall of the currencies from today. This is what will lead to hyperinflation. Just study history.

Hyperinflation normally only lasts a short period like 1-3 years. Thereafter the world will experience a deflationary implosion of debt and asset prices. The banking system is unlikely to survive such a collapse.


This scenario is obviously based on assumptions and probabilities. It is also based on history.

No forecast can ever be certain until afterwards. But at that time it will be too late to protect yourself.

What we know today is that risk is at a maximum. We also know that to protect against this uber-risk is not just wise but absolutely critical.

History tells us that in every major economic crisis, physical gold and silver has been the ultimate protection.


Tyler Durden
Mon, 02/22/2021 – 05:00

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Tyler Durden

Zero Hedge's mission is to widen the scope of financial, economic and political information available to the professional investing public, to skeptically examine and, where necessary, attack the flaccid institution that financial journalism has become, to liberate oppressed knowledge, to provide analysis uninhibited by political constraint and to facilitate information's unending quest for freedom. Visit

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