Libertarianism is a political philosophy that views respect for individual choice and individual liberty as the foundation of the ideal society, and therefore seeks to minimize or abolish the coercive actions of the State as that is the entity that is generally identified as the most powerful coercive force in society. Broadly speaking, libertarianism focuses on the rights of the individual to act in complete accordance with his or her own subjective values, and argues that the coercive actions of the State are often (or even always) an impediment to the efficient realization of one’s desires and values. Libertarians also maintain that what is immoral for the individual must necessarily be immoral for all state agents, and that the state should not be above the natural law. The extent to which government is necessary is evaluated by libertarian moral philosophers from a variety of perspectives.
This excerpt is from the Mises Institute.Follow The Libertarian Hub